Primary dysmenorrhea & its homoeopathic therapeutics
Author(s): Dr. Yogeshwari Gupta and Dr. Priyanka Shreemal
Abstract: Primary dysmenorrhea, or painful menstruation in the absence of pelvic pathology, is a common, often debilitating, gynaecological condition. Primary Dysmenorrhea is defined as cramping pain in the lower abdomen occurring just before or during menstruation. Prevalence rates are as high as 90 percent. Initially presentation of primary dysmenorrhea typically occurs in adolescence. It is a common cause of absenteeism and reduced quality of life in women. Women with primary dysmenorrhea have increased production of endometrial prostaglandin, resulting in increased uterine tone and stronger, more frequent uterine contractions. The Problem is often underdiagnosed and undertreated. A diagnostic evaluation is necessary in patients with typical symptoms and no risk factor for secondary causes. In modern medicine non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the most common drugs used for its treatment, may cause some side effects. Most women self-medicate with over-the-counter drugs. Homoeopathic medicines are effective in treating primary dysmenorrhea. Homoeopathic medicines are given on the basis of symptom similarity. Homoeopathic medicines are not only able to relieve pain but also cure the tendency to have menstrual cramps. This article emphasis on incidence, aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical features and management of primary dysmenorrhea with discussion on homeopathic medicines indicated in this clinical condition.