Dyspepsia is defined as any pain, discomfort, or nausea referable to the upper alimentary tract which may be intermittent or continuous, has been present for one month or more, and is not precipitated by exertion and not relieved within five minutes by rest. Patients with associated jaundice, dysphagia, or bleeding were excluded (4). Dyspepsia is an extremely common symptom with a prevalence in the community of approximately 30% (5).
Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted on AYUSH medical students in AYUSH medical colleges of Chennai. All participants were interviewed for dyspeptic symptoms using the questionnaire on FSSG. Additional questions include enquiries on medical history and lifestyle factors.
Results: Of the 250 students, 28 (11.2%) had Dyspeptic symptoms. Of these 28 symptomatic students 11 (39.2%) had mild, 11 (39.2%) moderate, and 6 (21.42%) had severe symptoms. On univariate analysis, there is a significant association p (<0.05) between gender and symptom severity for dyspepsia with more males having low symptoms than females. While duration of sleep was statistically associated p (<0.05) with symptom severity for Dyspepsia. Only duration of exercise was statistically associated with symptom severity for Dyspepsia.
Conclusions: Prevalence of symptoms of Dyspepsia in AYUSH medical students is 11.2%, majority had mild symptoms. Associated acid reflux symptoms were present in 88.8%. Factors predisposing to Dyspepsia in them are, gender, inadequate sleep, sleeping within one hour of taking dinner, duration of exercise, those who exercised more than 30 minutes on regular basis.