Author(s): Dr. Siddhesh Ramakant Ranade and Dr. Shanakar Hulekar
Abstract: Goiter is a swelling or an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. This enlargement or swelling of the thyroid gland causes the lump in front region of neck. Usually a goiter is harmless. But in certain cases, it can cause some symptoms depending upon the size and location of the enlargement. The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland situated just below the Adam’s apple in the front of the neck. It is about 2 inches long. This thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones T3 and T4. These hormones regulate our metabolism and the way our body uses energy. They also maintain the rate at which our body uses fats and carbohydrates. The thyroid hormones also influence our heart rate and help in maintaining body temperature.